Finns are protected

Finns are protected against radiation hazards

In Finland, the probability of a serious radiation hazard is small. Nonetheless, the risk of emergencies exists. Therefore, preparations for such a situation have been made. The radiation situation is monitored constantly throughout the country. Even the smallest changes are reported immediately. Information about a radiation hazard and the related instructions are provided to the public without delay via television and radio.

A serious radiation hazard can be caused by a nuclear explosion or an accident at a nuclear power plant. A local radiation hazard can be caused by a severe accident during the transportation of radioactive materials, for instance.

Information about an imminent danger of radiation would be communicated to Finns well before it would be necessary to take protective measures. There are international agreements on the reporting of radiation and nuclear accidents, too. Communication between neighbouring countries has been ensured particularly well.

The radiation and nuclear safety authorities in the Nordic countries constantly exchange information and experiences with one another. Arrangements for cooperation, exchange of information and assistance related to accidents and accident preparedness are detailed in the manual on co-operation between the Nordic authorities.

STUK and Rosatom have an agreement in place, according to which information on radiation hazards or accidents at nuclear power plants is communicated to the other party without delay.

Nuclear power plants in operation near the Finnish borders include four reactors in Sosnovyi Bor, four reactors in Kola, and three reactors in Forsmark, Sweden.

Nuclear power plants near the Finnish borders (situation in June 2019)

There is always a STUK expert on call, so all alerts relating to radiation and nuclear safety are received by STUK at all hours of the day and night. Emergency operations are started within 15 minutes. The actions of authorities in case of a radiation hazard have been planned in advance, and drills are carried out on a regular basis.

If the radiation hazard situation requires urgent protective measures, people are informed about it with a general alarm siren. When the alarm sounds, people must move indoors and listen to the radio and television to receive instructions for further steps. Instructions include information on how and when to take iodine tablets, protect foodstuffs and go outdoors. Television broadcasts will be interrupted for news bulletins on every channel.