STUK supervises STUK supervises
STUK supervises

Cooperation in Finland and internationally

Cooperation in Finland and internationally

STUK needs to receive intelligence information related to its own field from the authorities responsible for the real-time situational awareness and threat assessment in order to be able to maintain and develop its own regulatory control and its preparedness to detect and respond to threats.

The maintenance of the threat assessment regarding use of nuclear energy and radiation, drafted to provide a basis for the design basis threat, is the responsibility of the National Police Board (161/1988 146 §). In practice, the threat assessment is the responsibility of the Finnish Security Intelligence Service (Supo). Supo and STUK have agreed on regular updating of the threat assessment. Based on the threat assessment, STUK maintains, as part of regulatory requirements, the design basis threat for the use of nuclear energy and radiation. STUK also follows situation assessment for  information security of IT  networks and industrial control systems/instrumentation and control systems, maintained by the CERT-FI unit of the Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority.

If necessary, STUK provides expert advice to other authorities such as the Police, Rescue Services and Customs in issues related to the prevention of unlawful action targeting nuclear facilities and radiation sources, to the development of operative preparedness and to operational activities. Such cooperation includes harmonized operations models, guidelines, training and common exercises.

STUK’s most important stakeholders in the cooperation environment for security arrangements in Finland include the Rescue Services, the police, the Finnish Border Guard, the Customs, the Finnish Defence Forces and the operators. Partners include the Advisory Committee on Nuclear Security (nuclear facility security arrangements), Counter-terrorism Expert Group (situational awareness) and the CBRNE cooperation forum (community of experts, training, exercises). The forms of cooperation include maintenance of the threat scenario under the leadership of Supo, CERT-GI & maintenance of situational awareness of information security, cooperation with police departments with local responsibility of the nuclear facilities and expert advice.​​​​​​​Cooperation environment for security arrangements: Cooperation environment for nuclear security  in Finland: STUK’s most important stakeholders, partners and the forms of cooperation. CBRNE (Chemical, Biological, Radioactive and Nuclear Materials and Explosives).

STUK participates in international cooperation aimed at promoting nuclear security, including the preparation of guidelines for nuclear security, conducted under the coordination and leadership of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), as well as in international peer reviews of states’ nuclear security regimes. An international peer review of the national nuclear security regime, International Physical Protection Advisory Service, IPPAS, coordinated by the IAEA, was arranged in Finland in 2009, followed by a follow-up review in 2012. The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment of Finland has requested a new IPPAS assessment from the IAEA, and it is planned for 2021.

STUK is the national competent authority and point of contact, charged with dealing with issues falling under the scope of the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM). An amendment to this convention requires appropriate exchange of information related to unlawful action and threat thereof that target nuclear materials and facilities. It also calls for cooperation and, if requested, provision of assistance for minimization and mitigation of radiological consequences.

STUK is the point of contact for Finland in international information exchange systems, maintained by IAEA and the European Commission, which are used to report abnormal incidents related to radioactive materials. IAEA’s Incident and Trafficking Database (ITDB) is used to compile statistics of and analyse incidents of radioactive materials out of regulatory control. The content of the database is based on reports submitted by the IAEA’s member states. Finland has been ITDB’s member since its inception in 1995. Furthermore, STUK is the point of contact for Finland in the international system used to supervise the import, export and transfer of radiation sources, particularly high-activity sealed sources, between various countries.